All Opiate-Related Treatment Admissions and Deaths
From 1999 to 2010, opiate-related treatment admissions and deaths have risen in nearly every state. While once largely limited to rural areas such as Wyoming, Utah, Wisconsin, and West Virginia, the need for treatment in detox and rehab clinics has increased drastically, spreading throughout the country. Opiate-related deaths have become a national epidemic as well: California was once an outlier, but Texas, Florida, New York, and Ohio now also suffer from some of the highest rates of opiate-related fatalities.
Between 1999 and 2010, the need for treatment for prescription opiate addiction has exploded, and it's only become worse since then. Rural areas such as Maine and Tennessee were initially the hardest-hit, soon spreading to West Virginia, Kentucky, Vermont, and Florida. Today, most states continue to struggle with treating these addictions to opiate painkillers, and deaths related to prescription opiates align with overall opiate trends: Areas like California, Florida, New York, Texas, and North Carolina are among the worst-affected in the country.
While the spread of heroin addiction can be influenced by rates of prescription opiate abuse, patterns in heroin use show a somewhat different trend. Yet again, California began as one of the top states for heroin detox and rehab admissions, but states such as Massachusetts, New Jersey, Maryland, and Illinois have since come to surpass it. Heroin-related deaths, however, track closely with prescription opiate-related deaths, and areas like Texas, Florida, New York, and Ohio now exhibit some of the highest levels of heroin-linked deaths.
The Substance Abuse & Mental Health Data Archive's Treatment Episode Data Set – Admissions (TEDS-A) was used as a source of data from 1999-2010 on each state's per capita treatment admissions for prescription opiates, heroin, and all opiates. The CDC WONDER datasets (with ICD-10 codes T40.1, T40.2, T40.3, and T40.4) were used as a source of data from 1999-2010 on each state's per capita deaths related to prescription opiates, heroin, and all opiates. "Prescription opiates" include synthetic opiates, semisynthetic opiates, and methadone. "All opiates" include synthetic opiates, semisynthetic opiates, methadone, and heroin.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , National Center for Health Statistics. Multiple Cause of Death 1999-2010 CDC WONDER Online Database, released 2012. Data are from the Multiple Cause of Death Files, 1999-2010, as compiled from data provided by the 57 vital statistics jurisdictions through the Vital Statistics Cooperative Program. Accessed at http://wonder.cdc.gov/mcd-icd10.html
SAMHSA, Treat Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS) 2000 - 2010, State Admissions to Substance Abuse Treatment Services. Accessed at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/2k13/TEDS2010/TEDS2010StTOC.htm
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