Addiction is a chronic condition that causes lasting changes in your brain. Substance addiction is characterized by compulsive drug use regardless of negative consequences. Rehab can help rectify these problematic behaviors through a series of therapeutic interventions, such as psychotherapy and group counseling. Conversely, physical dependence is the body’s natural adaptation to regular exposure to the substance. If you’re dependent on drugs or alcohol, it can be difficult to quit due to distressing withdrawal symptoms. Detox can help a person withdraw safely and comfortably and achieve a drug-free, stable state. It is usually the first step on the road to recovery. That being said, detox is not a substitute for a comprehensive addiction treatment program. It’s crucial that you transition to a rehab program once you successfully complete detox.1
The goal of a drug detox program is to get you stable, sober, and ready to enter addiction treatment. Detox facilities are usually a person’s first point of contact with substance abuse services. Detox occurs in two main settings—inpatient and outpatient. Inpatient provides you with 24-hour supervision and treatment while you go through withdrawal, and outpatient allows you to continue your daily routine while receiving detox treatment. Entering a withdrawal treatment program can help ensure your safety, reduce the risk of complications, and reduce cravings.1
Detox treatment consists of 3 main components, which include:1
Detox is a safe and effective way to get through withdrawal, but it does not cure you of addiction. Recovery begins in rehab, where you learn to identify triggers that cause you to use drugs. This helps you avoid and combat them in the future.
Rehab can equip you with the coping skills necessary to resist cravings and triggers, as well as the motivation to make a positive change in your life. Rehab is how you build a strong foundation for a lasting recovery. That being said, no single treatment program is best for everyone. What type of program works for you will depend on a number of factors, such as location and cost.
Rehab is offered in a variety of settings with varying levels of intensity. Possible rehab settings include the following:
Most rehab programs take a comprehensive approach to addiction treatment. Depending on the philosophy of the program, a variety of addiction interventions may be used. Possible treatments include:
There are many other possible services that largely depend on the type of program. For instance, if you are religious, you may find a faith-based rehab to be helpful. In these programs, staff members help you strengthen your spiritual foundation to overcome the cycle of drug abuse. Alternatively, there are also secular rehabs for those who aren’t particularly religious or spiritual. Further, if you’re someone who enjoys yoga, meditation, acupuncture, and more, you may want to consider enrolling in a holistic treatment center where you can focus on healing your mind, body, and spirit together.
Most rehab programs offer a variety of different evidence-based therapies. Common types of behavioral therapy include:2
Different therapies work better for some types of addictions and co-existing mental health conditions. Some therapists have a preferred treatment strategy that they rely on.
The type of therapy that will be best for you will depend on several factors, including the type of rehab program you choose.
Substance abuse treatment typically follows a specific evidence-based path to success. People begin in detox, attend rehab, then continue to receive aftercare. Transitioning back to normal life after spending a few weeks in rehab can be jarring. People often feel confident in their sobriety when they leave rehab, but have difficulty adjusting to the normal stresses and triggers of daily life.
Aftercare is a long-term plan to help you prevent relapse. How you choose to engage with various aftercare elements is up to you, but it is important to have a plan in place. If you develop cravings or have a setback, you will need a place to turn. This will give you your best chance of sustained abstinence.
Examples of common aftercare plans include the following: